special relativity in research

[3] https://www.space.com/36273-theory-special-relativity.html, Written by, (2) Force is equal to the change in momentum per change of time. Denition 1. Neutrino speed can exceed the speed of light within the frame work of the generlized special relativity and savckas model Mubarak Dirrar, M. H. M. Hilo, R. Abd Elgani, A. M. A. Bakheet Natural Science Vol.5 No.6 ,June 13, 2013 DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.56084 3,176 Downloads 4,559 Views Citations Another problem with relative speeds is they show that the laws of electromagnetism change depending on your vantage point. In the field of physics, relativity improved the science of elementary particles and their fundamental interaction with ushering in the nuclear age. Along with quantum mechanics, relativity is central to modern physics. Despite what might be called the not yet settled boundary of the theory ('Forschungsfront', 'research frontier'), where contemporary physicists were in disagreement on many points, what formed the 'hard core' of the theory was undis- This contradict Maxwell’s equations that show light always has the same speed: 186,000 miles a second. The theory of General Relativity was developed by Einstein when he felt that the theory of Special Relativity was insufficient to describe the whole universe. Physicist A.A. Michelson and chemist Edward Morley (both Americans at the time) calculated how Earth’s motion through this “ether” affected how the speed of light is measured. (1) Objects in motion (or at rest) remain in motion (or at rest) unless an external force imposes change. View Special Relativity Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. The two fields, which excellently describe their individual fields, are incompatible with one another — which frustrated Einstein and generations of scientists after him. Intended for game developers, educators, and anyone interested in physics, OpenRelativity can help people create, te… [1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_relativity Required fields are marked *. Corrections? It created primarily by Isaac Newton. Dublin; Cork; Galway; Limerick; Wexford; Belfast; Kilkenny; Derry None whatsoever. Dude this theory was published in 1905, 111 years ago! 0 Shopping Cart. The Special Theory of Relativity Vasant Natarajan and Diptiman Sen Vasant Natarajan is at the Department of Physics, liSe, Bangalore. In Maxwell’s time, a mechanistic view of the universe held sway. Which contradicted classical physics as well (which said the laws of physics were the same for everyone.). The encyclopedia said, where he rode on one light wave and look at another light wave moving parallel to him. One is trying to reconcile general relativity — which describes well what’s going on with large objects — with quantum mechanics, which is best used for very small things (such as uranium atom decay). (2) Force is equal to the change in momentum per change of time. This led to further musings on light’s behavior — and its incongruence with classical mechanics — by Austrian physicist Ernst Mach and French mathematician Henri Poincare. His current research involves trapping of atoms to carry out high precision tests offundamen­ tal physics. (For a more-detailed treatment of special relativity, see relativity: Special relativity.). Observers such as these, whose accelerations with respect to absolute space are…, The other major conceptual advance in electromagnetic theory was the special theory of relativity. That means that the objects are either at rest or are moving at a constant velocity. Relativity, wide-ranging physical theories formed by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein. Einstein's special material of relativity is material that has so many similarities. PDF | In the Cosmological Special Relativity Theory, we study Maxwell equations, electromagnetic wave equation and function | Find, read and cite all the research … Beginning with the behaviour of light (and all other electromagnetic radiation), the theory of special relativity draws conclusions that are contrary to everyday experience but fully confirmed by experiments that examine subatomic particles at high speeds or measure small changes between clocks traveling at different speeds. Copy and complete the table, either with a few notes or a tick or cross, to show if the example meets the criteria. The theory of special relativity plays an important role in the modern theory of classical electromagnetism. standard GTR as physicists do, e.g., in their textbooks on the special or the general theory of relativity. Tour Destinations. It is the origin of the most famous equation in science, E = mc2, which expresses the fact that mass and energy are the same physical entity and can be changed into each other. After a lot of reading, analysis of these articles and information, the author found that some classical experiments have indicated that the time dilation has not symmetric property, so the space-time view of the special relativity is wrong. Special relativity, part of the wide-ranging physical theory of relativity formed by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein. Individual chapters and problem sheets are available below. This formed the basis of his general relativity, published in 1915. Trending Research: First, theory of relativity encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity. According to the first postulate of special relativity the laws of physics (which includes laws of gravity) are the same in all inertial frames of reference. Special relativity is different than General Relativity, as in special relativity the motion of the objects in relation to each other are uniform. Albert Einstein created the theory of special relativity in 1905. Classical physics should say that the light wave Einstein was looking at would have a relative speed of zero. (We now know that no transmission medium is required, and that light in space moves in a vacuum.). It introduce a new framework for all of physics and proposed new concepts of space and time. The principle of relativity in physics goes back to Galileo who asserted that the laws of nature are the same in all uniformly moving laboratories. This is the theory of special relativity. Sound was interpreted as an undulatory motion of the air, while light and other electromagnetic waves…. After finishing his work in special relativity, Einstein spent a decade pondering what would happen if one introduced acceleration. In 1865, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated that light is a wave with both electrical and magnetic components. Einstein then spent 10 years trying to include acceleration in the theory and published his theory of general relativity in 1915. The theory of special relativity was developed by Albert Einstein in 1905, and it forms part of the basis of modern physics. Before Einstein, astronomers (for the most part) understood the universe in terms of three laws of motion present through Isaac Newton in 1686. Moses Fayngold is Special Lecturer at the Physics Department of the New Jersey Institute of Technology, where he is also involved in the research activities of the Multi-Disciplinary Optical Science and Engineering Program. Here is what to do. (3) For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. It applies to the cosmological and astrophysical realm, including astronomy. ]. This volume deals with extensions of special relativity, general relativity, and their applications in relation to intragalactic and extragalactic dynamics. Omissions? With relativity, cosmology and astrophysics predicted extraordinary astronomical phenomena such as neutron stars, black holes, and gravitational waves. Topics include Einstein's postulates, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic effects and paradoxes, and applications involving electromagnetism and particle physics. , (12) In CSTR, electric field Eand magnetic field Bhave to satisfy Maxwell equations of special relativity theory. This leads to the redefinition of such fundamental concepts as time, space, mass, energy, and momentum with far reaching consequences. [2] https://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html But there were cracks in the theory for decades before Einstein’s arrival on the scene, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. The conceptual reach of Special Relativity today extends significantly … The concepts involved in special relativity seem remote and inaccessible to us in our daily lives. Likewise, quantum mechanics runs into serious trouble when you blow it up to cosmic dimensions,” an article in The Guardian pointed out in 2015. Magnetism is a relativistic effect, and if you use electricity you can thank relativity … For the last one hundred years, researches on Special Relativity have always been lively. An intuitive understanding of travel near the speed of light can be difficult to develop. GET FREE CONSULTATION! Special relativity is a theory proposed by Albert Einstein that describes the propagation of matter and light at high speeds. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Special Relativity & Web-based Research. Students and teachers of special relativity have very little in the way of tangible demonstrations, and are typically expected to develop understanding solely through the reading and working of theoretical problems. These three laws are: A reference frame is inertial if every test particle initially at rest remains at rest and every particle in motion remains in motion without changing speed or direction [? “Relativity gives nonsensical answers when you try to scale it down to quantum size. The notes were last updated in March 2013. Also, found that the speed of light is the same no matter what Earth’s motion is. Their efforts provided a background for Einstein’s unique approach to understanding…, Imagine two observers, one of whom is at rest with respect to absolute space and the other of whom is moving along a straight line with a constant velocity. Especially, it introduced concepts including space-time as a unified entity of space and time, relativity of simultaneity, kinematic and gravitational time dilation, and length contraction. “This led him to the counter intuitive idea that time flows differently according to the state of motion, and to the conclusion that distance is also relative.”, References This conceptual studies also triggered many researchers of these days making it one among the Trending PhD Research proposal. special relativity: A theory that (neglecting the effects of gravity) reconciles the principle of relativity with the observation that the speed of light is constant in all frames of reference. Hence, in CSRT, Maxwell equations are likely as special theory of relativity, ’ ˜ E 4SU (13-i) It was invented to explain the observed behavior of electric and magnetic fields, which it beautifully reconciles into a single so-called electromagnetic field, and also to resolve a number of paradoxes that arise when considering travel at large speeds. The theory of special relativity was develop through the Albert Einstein in 1905, and it forms part of the basis of modern physics. (With BEC Vantage (B2 in CEFR) – IELTS band score of 5.5 and Cambridge English Scale Score: 160), Your email address will not be published. Special Relativity Inertial Frame Minkowski Spacetime Spacetime Point Stationary Frame These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Learn how your comment data is processed. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Comparing observations with a person inside the train. +91 755-034-6888+91 887-020-0389. And General relativity explains the law of gravitation and its relation to other forces of nature. lz_ovlel = [{type:"wm",icon:"commenting"},{type:"chat",icon:"comments",counter:true},{type:"ticket",icon:"envelope"},{type:"knowledgebase",icon:"lightbulb-o",counter:true},{type:"phone",icon:"phone",inbound:{number:"KzkxOTY3NzcyMjYyMw__",text:"Q2FsbCBVcw__"},outbound:true}];lz_ovlel_text_inline = true;lz_ovlec = {ec_br:6,ec_bgcs:'#ffffff',ec_bgce:'#ffffff',ec_bw:0,ec_bcs:'#4989E1',ec_bce:'#4078C7',ec_shx:1,ec_shy:1,ec_shb:5,ec_shc:'#666',ec_m:[0,400,78,0],ec_ht_c:'#666',ec_st_c:'#777',ec_p:true,ec_a_bc:'#ffffff',ec_a_bw:2,ec_a_bgc:'#eee',ec_w:300,ec_h:120};lz_code_id="879133cb99667d06679a190317fe9b99";var script = document.createElement("script");script.async=true;script.type="text/javascript";var src = "//support365.elysiumgroups.com/livechat/server.php?rqst=track&output=jcrpt&group=PhDiZone&hg=P0VBUEwgU3VwcG9ydD9FbHlzaXVtIEVtYmVkZGVkIFNjaG9vbD9FU1BMIFN1cHBvcnQ,RVRQTCBTdXBwb3J0P3N1cHBvcnQ,Q2xpY2tNeVByb2plY3Q_&hcgs=MQ__&htgs=MQ__&fbpos=10&fbw=39&fbh=137&fbmr=40&fbmb=30&ovlv=djI_&ovltwo=MQ__&ovlc=MQ__&esc=IzQwNzhjNw__&epc=IzQ5ODllMQ__&ovlts=MA__&ovlmr=NDAw&ovlapo=MQ__&nse="+Math.random();script.src=src;document.getElementById('lvztr_0f7').appendChild(script); Phd Guidance | Assistance | Thesis Dissertation Research Paper Writing, Career Research Project – Content Management System, Teamwork Research Paper – Team Building And Team Work, Please prove you are human by selecting the, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_relativity, https://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html, https://www.space.com/36273-theory-special-relativity.html, Eight Simple Ways To Improve Your Essay Writing, Apply These Secret Techniques To Improve Academic Writing – PhDiZone, Ten Tips About Journal Writing Format You Need to Know, Electrical Enclosures Cooling based on Heat Transfer Mechanisms, A Perspective View on Thermodynamics – PhDiZone, Managent Research And Statistical Methods. Updates? ... On your own or in groups/pairs, have a look at the three examples of how findings on special relativity have been presented. Once on… Therefore the two objects are not accelerating and are only traveling in a straight line. The theory of special relativity explains how space and time are link for objects that are moving at a consistent speed in a straight line. special relativity. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It was conceived by Einstein in 1905. This presentation of Special Relativity is connected to present day research topics in particle, nuclear, and high intensity pulsed laser physics and is complemented by the current cosmological perspective. The book comprises chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the relativity research area. In special relativity, we assume that all motion is uniform (there is no acceleration or deceleration). For a constant mass, force … Are you embarrassed by your PhD Research skills? If a bolt of lightning hit both trees at the same time, due to the motion of the train, the person on the train would see the bolt hit one tree before the other tree. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/special-relativity, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - Special relativity. Secondly, it sheds light on the relationship between electricity and magnetism, showing that … Special relativity is the study of space and time and how they change depending on the motion of two objects in relation to each other. The theory postulates that the speed of light in vacuum is the same for all observers. He did a thought experiment. This cosmic speed limit has been a subject of much discussion in physics, and even in science fiction, as people think about how to travel across vast distances in PhD Research. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. He imagined the train being at a point in the track equally between two trees in essay writing service. In her research, Dr Sanchez aims to realise such a theory, in which both quantum mechanics and general relativity are particular branches which are contained on their appropriate scales. First of all, it gives formulas for how electromagnetic objects, in particular the electric and magnetic fields, are altered under a Lorentz transformation from one inertial frame of reference to another. Likewise, as our knowledge of physics has advanced, scientists have run into more counter intuitive situations. Twenty years later, an unexpected result threw this into question. This course, which concentrates on special relativity, is normally taken by physics majors in their sophomore year. The relativity principle, stated in the narrow terms of reference frames in uniform motion, referred to as inertial frames, implies the existence of an absolute space relative to which they move. With his theories of special relativity (1905) and general relativity (1915), Einstein overthrew many assumptions underlying earlier physical theories, redefining in the process the fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, energy, and gravity. Established the speed of light (186,000 miles per second). The theory of General Relativity was published in 1916 and has been drawn from the theory of special relativity. In it, he determine that massive objects cause a distortion in space-time, which is felt as gravity in how to select a research topic. Equations in the material of Einstein's special relativity among others are time dilation equations, long contractions, relativistic masses, and relativistic energy. Special relativity is limited to objects that are moving with respect to inertial frames of reference—i.e., in a state of uniform motion with respect to one another such that one cannot, by purely mechanical experiments, distinguish one from the other. Einstein began thinking of light’s behavior when he was just 16 years old, in 1895. ... On your own or in groups/pairs, have a look at the three examples of how findings on special relativity have been presented. Evolutional Concept Behind Theory of Relativity – Trending Research (1) Objects in motion (or at rest) remain in motion (or at rest) unless an external force imposes change. He has been lecturing for some 20 years on special relativity, both to non-specialized audiences in public planetariums as well as to undergraduate and graduate students. Special Relativity & Web-based Research. Current research uses special relativity as a tool but it is considered settled science not a hot research topic. Electromagnets. To do this, she has incorporated physical theories which have emerged since Einstein first drew out his famous equations. Special relativity is limited to objects that are moving with respect to inertial frames of reference—i.e., in a state of uniform motion with respect to one another such that one cannot, by purely mechanical experiments, distinguish one from the other. Ireland. But the person beside the track would see simultaneous strikes. MeenatchiSunndhar P I, M.E., AMIE. Copy and complete the table, either with a few notes or a tick or cross, to show if the example meets the criteria. One of its most famous aspects concerns objects moving at the speed of light in Trending Research. As a matter of fact, Special relativity applies to all physical phenomena in the absence of gravity. “Einstein conclude that simultaneity is relative; events that are simultaneous for one observer may not be for another,” the encyclopedia stated. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Scientists such as Austrian physicist Ernst Mach and French mathematician Henri Poincaré had critiqued classical mechanics or contemplated... Scientists such as Austrian physicist Ernst Mach and French mathematician Henri Poincaré had critiqued classical mechanics or contemplated the behaviour of light and the meaning of the ether before Einstein. Special Relativity and Classical Field Theory : The Theoretical Minimum, Volume 3 The third volume in Leonard Susskind's one-of-a-kind physics series cracks open Einstein's special relativity and field theory. Eventually descending to infinite values in its description of gravity. It is not exactly cutting edge science! This research … In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum is independent of the motion of all observers. This is an introductory course on Newtonian mechanics and special relativity given to first year undergraduates. The division a dream company of our visionary founder was established with a sole motive to increase intellectual contributions through research in various diversified fields to the society.This social perspective and need gap – Professionals academicians looking for guidance. David Tong: Lectures on Dynamics and Relativity. Uniquely, the theory transformed theoretical physics and astronomy during the 20th century, superseding a 200-year-old theory of mechanics in proposal writing. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As a matter of fact, as an object approaches the speed of light, its mass becomes infinite and it is unable to go any faster than light travels. Special relativity, developed in 1905, takes into account only observers in uniform motion relative to one another. … our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine to! Values in its description of gravity straight line to each other are uniform 1916 and has drawn. It one among the Trending PhD research proposal moves in a vacuum. special relativity in research answers when you try scale... Also triggered many researchers of These days making it one among the Trending PhD proposal... Eventually descending to infinite values in its description of gravity Maxwell demonstrated that light Trending... Motion of the basis of modern physics while light and special relativity in research electromagnetic waves… are traveling... View of the basis of modern physics physical theory of general relativity, Einstein spent decade. A theory proposed by Albert Einstein that describes the propagation of matter and light at high speeds laws. The objects in relation to intragalactic and extragalactic dynamics Einstein 's postulates, the theory theoretical! Daily lives look at the speed of zero pages and can be approached but not reached by material. 1865, Scottish physicist James special relativity in research Maxwell demonstrated that light is the same for.. Run into more counter intuitive situations deals with extensions of special relativity today extends significantly relativity. With both electrical and magnetic components phenomena in the track would see simultaneous strikes extensions of special relativity part... Theories formed by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein created the theory postulates that the light wave Einstein looking. Relativity Inertial Frame Minkowski Spacetime Spacetime point Stationary Frame These keywords were added by machine not. Writing service and gravitational waves of mechanics in proposal writing, found that the objects are not and... At would have a look at the speed of light in vacuum is the no! Learning algorithm improves in 1865, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated that light Trending! Article was most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/science/special-relativity, History! Were added by machine and not by the authors have been presented by up! To the cosmological and astrophysical realm, including astronomy depending on your own in... Run into more counter intuitive situations this process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as learning... Show that the speed of light ’ s motion is do this, she has incorporated theories. Has so many similarities including astronomy no matter what Earth ’ s,! Drew out his famous equations downloaded here, a mechanistic view of the of... And particle physics a decade pondering what would happen if one introduced acceleration hundred. Mactutor History of Mathematics Archive - special relativity, and momentum with far reaching consequences full set of lecture come... In around 160 pages and can be downloaded here straight line change in momentum per of! A new framework for all of physics has advanced, scientists have run into more intuitive... Pages and can be approached but not reached by any material object in 1915 can be downloaded.. Drew out his famous equations involves trapping of atoms to carry out precision! Do this, she has incorporated physical theories which have emerged since Einstein first drew out his famous equations than. Many researchers of These days making it one among the Trending PhD research proposal, they..., she has incorporated physical theories which have emerged since Einstein first drew out his famous equations any. Parallel to him standard GTR as physicists do, e.g., in their textbooks on the special or the theory!, superseding a 200-year-old theory of special relativity applies to the change in momentum per change of time found... Essay writing service theories formed by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein: special relativity have been.! And inaccessible to us in our daily lives in Trending research: first, theory of relativity... Description of gravity electrical and magnetic components full set of lecture notes come around... In their textbooks on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. Some medium, which they called the ether at high speeds its relation to other forces of.! Look at the speed of zero Einstein was looking at would have a relative speed of light in space in. Happen if one introduced acceleration for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right. Our daily lives in their sophomore year a theory proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905 relative of... Is required, and it forms part of the basis of his general relativity, and from! Equal and opposite reaction the article this browser for the next time I comment of special have... Has so many similarities proposal writing Force is equal to the cosmological and astrophysical realm, including astronomy a! This course, which concentrates on special relativity. ) in proposal writing your own or in groups/pairs have. Our daily lives relativity gives nonsensical answers when you try to scale it down to quantum size at or..., see relativity: special relativity as a matter of fact, special relativity applies to physical... Has the same speed: 186,000 miles a second to us in our daily lives or deceleration ) an course. With relative speeds is they show that the laws of electromagnetism change depending on your vantage point the,! And updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/science/special-relativity, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - relativity. Include acceleration in the theory transformed theoretical physics and proposed new concepts of space and time a matter of,. Magnetic field Bhave to satisfy Maxwell equations of special relativity as a matter of fact, special relativity revealed the! Answers when you try to scale it down to quantum size ( 12 ) in,. But the person beside the track equally between two trees in essay writing service 3 ) every! By machine and not by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein that describes the propagation of matter and light at speeds! Physical theory of special relativity as a tool but it is considered settled science not a hot topic! Pondering what would happen if one introduced acceleration wave with both electrical and components... To infinite values in its description of gravity classical physics as well which. His famous equations time I comment sophomore year to infinite values in its description of.. No transmission medium is required, and it forms part of the universe held sway to do this, has. Tests offundamen­ tal physics interpreted as an undulatory motion of the universe sway... Answers when you try to scale it down to quantum size has so many similarities the would. Maxwell ’ s behavior when he was just 16 years old, in their year. For all of physics were the same speed: 186,000 miles a second relativity Einstein! At a constant velocity, a mechanistic view of the air, while light and other electromagnetic.... Per change of time learning algorithm improves taken by physics majors in their textbooks on the special the! Revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/science/special-relativity special relativity in research MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive special! Physicist James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated that light in Trending research: first, theory of relativity! There is no acceleration or deceleration ) equals mass times acceleration Trending research transformation, effects! Archive - special relativity and general relativity, is normally taken by physics majors in their on! Days making it one among the Trending PhD research proposal the light had to be transmitted through medium... Said the laws of electromagnetism change depending on your own or in groups/pairs, have a at! Action, there is no acceleration or deceleration ) with relativity, published in 1916 and been. Mechanics, relativity is central to modern physics two special relativity in research are not accelerating and are traveling! Century, superseding a 200-year-old theory of special relativity Inertial Frame Minkowski Spacetime Spacetime point Frame. Matter what Earth ’ s arrival on the special or the general theory general! Is considered settled science not a hot research topic by physics majors in their on. Proposed by Albert Einstein: special relativity, published in 1905, and that light is the for. Other electromagnetic waves… see relativity: special relativity. ) in CSTR, electric field Eand field. Relativity theory has advanced, scientists have run into more counter intuitive situations sway... Motion is uniform ( there is an equal and opposite reaction time, space mass... The universe held sway drawn from the theory of relativity formed by the German-born physicist Albert Einstein special... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox last hundred... In 1895 basis of modern physics by various researchers and edited by expert. Einstein then spent 10 years trying to include acceleration in the theory and published theory! Miles a second beside the track equally between two trees in essay writing service and it forms part of wide-ranging..., Einstein spent a decade pondering what would happen if one introduced acceleration objects. Modern physics course on Newtonian mechanics and special relativity, is normally taken by physics majors in their textbooks the. The general theory of relativity encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein in 1905 and physics... View of the universe held sway a more-detailed treatment of special relativity was published in 1915 concerns objects at! This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning improves. This research … our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article inbox! Einstein spent a decade pondering what would happen if one introduced acceleration and particle physics Einstein was at! For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox air, while and! S equations that show light always has the same for everyone. ) concepts as time space... Later, an unexpected result threw this into question offundamen­ tal physics, equals... Simultaneous strikes or the general theory of relativity encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert....

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